HOS (Hours of Service) USA

USA HOS (Hours of Service) Regulations 101: 


Keep your logbook legible and up-to-date to your last duty status change. Drivers are expected to be compliant with HOS rules.


10-Hour Consecutive Break Required: Drivers can drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty. (off duty incudes any combination of sleeper berth or off duty status)


10-Hour Consecutive Break Exception (Splitting the Break): The 10-Hour required break can be split into 2 breaks as long as (1) one of these breaks include at least an 8 consecutive hour break in the sleeper berth and (2) the other break include at least 2 hours consecutive off-duty (off-duty here includes any combination of sleeper berth or off-duty status).


11 Hour Rule

· Drivers cannot drive more than 11 hours following 10 consecutive hours off duty. 


14 Hour Rule

· Drivers cannot drive beyond the 14th hour after coming on duty, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. 


60 Hour Rule or 70 Hour Rule:

· Every driver must be compliant with one rule or the other. Both rules reset to zero if a driver takes a 34 hour reset (34 consecutive hours off-duty)

· 60 Hour Rule - Driver is not allowed to drive after having worked/driven 60 or more hours in any 7 consecutive days 

· 70 Hour Rule - Driver is not allowed to drive after having worked/driven 70 or more hours in any 8 consecutive days


34-Hour Restart vs Running on daily recaps: I do not plan to explain how the 34-hour reset works, because I do not see any benefit from using it. I always run on recaps.


Required 30-minute break - Driver must stop driving and take at least a 30-minute break within 8 hours of their last break of at least 30-minutes. 


Required Information on logbook: Load Number, Trailer number, Driver’s Name, Company Name and Address, Miles driven, Name of City and State at each vehicle stop, Time of each duty status change (on-duty, driving, sleeper, or off-duty). 


Signing/Approving Logbook: Every day, either approve your ELD or Sign your paper log. 

Pre-Trip/Post Trip: I show at least a 15 minute pre-trip when I either pick up a load or pick up an empty trailer. I also show a vehicle inspection somewhere near the beginning of my driving day on days that I am only in route while under a load.


Off-Duty Driving Status: Use this status only when relieved of all work duties and responsibilities.

Falsifying Logbook: Do not make false entries into your logbook. Penalties are very severe.


Correcting logbook mistakes: If you make a mistake on your logbook, it is ok to correct it. Actually, if your logbook is incorrect, you should correct it.